Sessions 2018

Sessions are now being added daily

Over the three days of the London Screenwriters’ Festival we will run over one hundred seminars, workshops and networking events for professional screenwriters. We film most sessions, so if you miss one, or two clash, you’ll be able to catch up later online. For updates about the festival, sign up below.

The small-group sessions with accomplished screenwriting experts not only taught me loads, but made me feel like a worthy and welcome addition to the industry

Halida Abbaro

Halida Abbaro

Headline

'Downton Abbey' Script To Screen with Julian Fellowes

'Downton Abbey' Script To Screen with Julian Fellowes

Join us for an extraordinary insight into the writing of the first episode of one of the biggest international TV hits, Downton Abbey, reading the screenplay and watching the episode with Julian Fellowes.

Pitch at the Great British Pitchfest

Pitch at the Great British Pitchfest

This is your big moment… Pitch your killer project to professional producers and top agents. Past sessions have resulted in options AND representation!

The 2018 British Screenwriters’ Awards

The 2018 British Screenwriters’ Awards

It’s about time someone put the originators and architects of great storytelling front and centre. And so we did! Now in our fourth year, join a roster of the BIGGEST writing names rubbing shoulders with the hottest newcomers in the UK.

The kick up the arse in terms of inspiration and the new network I am a part of is invaluable. Just stop reading and invest in your skillset right now.

David Sobell, Screenwriter

David Sobell, Screenwriter

Screenwriting Practical help

Actors Table Read: LIVE

Actors Table Read: LIVE

How do actors and a director approach your screenplay? What happens when your words are reinterpreted through other artists? Join us for a sensational live onstage performance and deconstruction of one LSF delegate’s script.

PitchFest Bootcamp with Bob

PitchFest Bootcamp with Bob

Great American Pitchfest Guru Bob Schultz will start every day with a short 30 minute PitchFest bootcamp to get you ready for your pitch!

I loved the warm atmosphere created by Chris and his team. They made me feel cared for and I felt like nothing was too much for them

Janet Van Eeden, Writer & Filmmaker

Janet Van Eeden, Writer & Filmmaker

Great British PitchFest

Hollywood Pitchfest via Skype

Hollywood Pitchfest via Skype

Pitch – face to face over Skype – with Hollywood producers and execs. Sessions are 90 minutes and you should get around 7 or 8 pitches in during that time.

The Elevator Pitch

The Elevator Pitch

Are you good enough to exit the elevator with the million dollar business card before the doors slide shut?

The Pitch Factor

The Pitch Factor

Have you got the Pitch Factor? Live from the London Screenwriters Festival, the Pitch Factor returns with CASH prizes and our very own motley crew of judges!

Worth every penny.

Peter Delaunay, Writer/Filmmaker.

Peter Delaunay, Writer/Filmmaker.

Screenwriting for Film and Television

The Primary Colours of Story

The Primary Colours of Story

In this session, David Baboulene demonstrates the link between the way the mind works and the way stories grip and engage us; and how you can use this knowledge to create power in your stories.

The Primary Colours of Story Part 2: Character Contrasts

The Primary Colours of Story Part 2: Character Contrasts

Without character, you have no story. In this session, David Baboulene discusses the primary colours of character so that you can write with greater clarity, depth and brevity.

Thanks for a transformational weekend - the table read was mind blowing - what an incredible resource and community this is!!

Ava Regal, Screenwriter

Ava Regal, Screenwriter

Screenwriters Talent Fast-track

Get legal advice in our legal clinic at the festival

Get legal advice in our legal clinic at the festival

We all have concerns about our screenplays and career, but often can’t afford a specialist lawyer. At the festival you can get that face time you need, with a media lawyer.

Meet The Experts

Meet The Experts

A panel of leading film industry professionals provide confidential one-on-one advice to move your project onto the next stage.

It's so good to be creatively fed, be inspired and connect with other creatives. Thank you for the excellent experience.

Andrya, Screenwriter

Andrya, Screenwriter

Beyond the workshop

Advanced Mentoring at the Script Labs

Advanced Mentoring at the Script Labs

Get one on one tuition and coaching from our experts in these intensive three hour sessions. Only six writers are selected for each lab.

Get Your Script Performed

Get Your Script Performed

Have scenes from your script read, performed and workshopped by professional actors and directors.

Script Chat

Script Chat

Get intimate face-to-face time in our hugely popular Script Chat roundtable sessions. Ask our speakers the questions you want answered.

Script To Screen

Script To Screen

Read the script, watch the film or TV show, then meet the writers, filmmakers and producers at the festival.

Speed Networking – Fun, Fast and EFFECTIVE

Speed Networking – Fun, Fast and EFFECTIVE

Meet 30 new writers, producers and directors in our 90 minute speed networking event. Fast, FUN and designed to create powerful new relationships.

The Writers Room

The Writers Room

Join six other writers and a seasoned showrunner for a whole day to write a show for a long running TV series. Welcome to the pressure cooker that is the ‘Writers Room’ at LondonSWF.

We will read your script: The Script Surgery

We will read your script: The Script Surgery

Do you need an expert to offer concise, practical and immediately useful feedback on your screenplay or treatment? Get one-on-one feedback on your script with Euroscript.

Stop thinking, just buy your ticket. Now! Seriously, you will not regret it

Andrew Fleming, Screenwriter

Andrew Fleming, Screenwriter

Writers Rooms

Writers Room 1: TBC

Writers Room 1: TBC

Six writers, one showrunner… One whole day to get an episode outlined and pitch ready.

Writers Room 2: TBC

Writers Room 2: TBC

Six writers, one showrunner… One whole day to get an episode outlined and pitch ready.

Writers Room 3: TBC

Writers Room 3: TBC

Six writers, one showrunner… One whole day to get an episode outlined and pitch ready.

Writers Room 4: TBC

Writers Room 4: TBC

Six writers, one showrunner… One whole day to get an episode outlined and pitch ready.

Great speakers, great venue, smart, sensible and provocative programming – it should be an essential event in every screenwriter’s calendar

John Yorke, former Head Ch4 Drama/BBC Drama

John Yorke, former Head Ch4 Drama/BBC Drama

Script Labs

Script Lab 1: TBC

Script Lab 1: TBC

Script Lab 1 to be confirmed.

Script Lab 2: TBC

Script Lab 2: TBC

Script Lab 2 to be confirmed.

Script Lab 3: TBC

Script Lab 3: TBC

Script Lab 3 to be confirmed.

Script Lab 4: TBC

Script Lab 4: TBC

Script Lab 4 to be confirmed.

LondonSWF has helped me leave my writer’s hermit hole and has placed me on a professional platform

Cate Wood Hunter, Screenwriter from South Africa

Cate Wood Hunter, Screenwriter from South Africa

Open and Close

Festival Opening

Festival Opening

Get fully prepped to get the most from the festival in this kick ass opening that will frame your three day roller coaster. NOT TO BE MISSED!

LondonSWF Close

LondonSWF Close

NOTE THIS SESSION BEGINS AT 6.15pm SHARP AND IS JUST 15 MINS LONG. Join the team for the FABULOUS close of the festival and our promise for the next year ahead.

The LSF is unparalleled in terms of opportunity to network, pitch, learn and propel your career forwards.’

Stephan Burn, Writer

Stephan Burn, Writer

Social Connection

Networking Drinks In The Refrectory

Networking Drinks In The Refrectory

Don’t be shy – grab a beer and break out those business cards!

Unofficial Post Festival Drinks At The Globe

Unofficial Post Festival Drinks At The Globe

Unofficial Post Festival Drinks At The Globe Pub on Baker Street

The best festival I’ve attended, EVER!

Marcus Aishant, screenwriter

Marcus Aishant, screenwriter

Festival Week: Additional One Day Masterclasses

Pitching Thursday (Evening): LondonSWF Festival Week Evening Workshop (Sept 6th 2018)

Pitching Thursday (Evening): LondonSWF Festival Week Evening Workshop (Sept 6th 2018)

Don’t fall at the first hurdle. Prepare for an extraordinary PitchFest at the LSF by joining Hollywood pitch guru Pilar Alessandra who will transform your pitch so you can present professionally and with confidence.

The Narrative Imperative in YOUR Screenplay with Scott Myers (Sept 6th 2018)

The Narrative Imperative in YOUR Screenplay with Scott Myers (Sept 6th 2018)

The protagonist is the heart of almost every story, yet so many writers do not take advantage of the depth and complexity of this central character. Scott Myers returns from the USA to deliver a one day class that will transform every aspect of your script by working outward from the beating heart of your protagonist.

Networking Tuesday, work the room with confidence: Day 1 of LondonSWF Festival Week (Sept. 4th 2018)

Networking Tuesday, work the room with confidence: Day 1 of LondonSWF Festival Week (Sept. 4th 2018)

Talent is great but relationships get you hired. The ability to create powerful new relationships in any given situation is one of the primary factors in the success of your career and that of any screenplay that you write. A one day masterclass.

Every year I go to LSWF and it gets better and better and I come back to my writing desk excited and inspired by the learnings.

Nick von Schlippe, Writer, Director and Actor

Nick von Schlippe, Writer, Director and Actor

Additional Courses, Workshops and Masterclasses

The Craft: Advanced Fundamentals of Screenwriting with Lucy V Hay

The Craft: Advanced Fundamentals of Screenwriting with Lucy V Hay

The Craft: Advanced Fundamentals of Screenwriting is a must for any writer who needs to get laser focus on their actual pages and elevate their projects from ‘good’ to ‘recommend’. So, buckle up and prepare to massively transform your writing!  

Pitching Thursday (evening): LondonSWF Festival (Sept 6th 2018)

Pitching Thursday (evening): LondonSWF Festival (Sept 6th 2018)

Don’t fall at the first hurdle. Prepare for an extraordinary PitchFest at the LSF by joining Hollywood pitch guru Pilar Alessandra who will transform you pitch so you can present professionally and with confidence.

The Narrative Imperative in YOUR Screenplay with Scott Myers

The Narrative Imperative in YOUR Screenplay with Scott Myers

The protagonist is the heart of almost every story, yet so many writers don’t take advantage of the depth and complexity of this central character. Scott Myers returns from the USA to deliver a one day class that will transform every aspect of your script by working outward from the beating heart of your protagonist.

Networking Tuesday, work the room with confidence: LondonSWF Festival Week (Sept 4th 2018)

Networking Tuesday, work the room with confidence: LondonSWF Festival Week (Sept 4th 2018)

Talent is great but relationships get you hired. The ability to create powerful new relationships in any given situation is one of the primary factors in the success of your career and that of any screenplay that you write. A one day masterclass.

Perfect Your Pitch: One day Masterclass with Bob Schultz (Aug 18th 2018)

Perfect Your Pitch: One day Masterclass with Bob Schultz (Aug 18th 2018)

With two weeks to go, get yourself LSF and Pitchfest ready spending a full day developing the skills you need to pitch your project to producers, agents, actors, and more with one of the best Pitch tutors in the world, Bob Schultz.

Writing TV with Pilar Alessandra (March 24th - 25th 2018)

Writing TV with Pilar Alessandra (March 24th - 25th 2018)

In this two day practical masterclass with Pilar Alessandra, we will show you how to deconstruct your ideas and then rebuild them into marketable projects that commissioners will be clamouring to read.

Write a film that the market WANTS with Samantha Horley (10th March 2018)

Write a film that the market WANTS with Samantha Horley (10th March 2018)

Give yourself a better chance of getting your film made, picked up and seen in this OUTSTANDING one day workshop with Producer and Screenwriter Samantha Horley.

Thank you and your team for the most amazing 4 days at the Screenwriters’ Festival, I have come away buzzing and have already bought my ticket for next year!

Liz Mente-Bishop, Screenwriter

Liz Mente-Bishop, Screenwriter

To be revealed before LSF'18

Herringham H243 Friday 10:30am

Herringham H243 Friday 10:30am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Herringham H243 Friday 2:00pm

Herringham H243 Friday 2:00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham H243 Friday 3:30pm

Herringham H243 Friday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham H243 Friday 5:00pm

Herringham H243 Friday 5:00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham H243 Friday 6:30pm

Herringham H243 Friday 6:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham H243 Saturday 10:30am

Herringham H243 Saturday 10:30am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham H243 Saturday 2.00pm

Herringham H243 Saturday 2.00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham H243 Saturday 3.30pm

Herringham H243 Saturday 3.30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham H243 Saturday 3:30pm

Herringham H243 Saturday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham H243 Saturday 5pm

Herringham H243 Saturday 5pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham H243 Saturday 6:30pm

Herringham H243 Saturday 6:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham H243 Saturday 9am

Herringham H243 Saturday 9am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham H243 Sunday 10:30am

Herringham H243 Sunday 10:30am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham H243 Sunday 2.00pm

Herringham H243 Sunday 2.00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham H243 Sunday 3.30pm

Herringham H243 Sunday 3.30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham H243 Sunday 5pm

Herringham H243 Sunday 5pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham H243 Sunday 9am

Herringham H243 Sunday 9am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham Hall Friday 10:45am

Herringham Hall Friday 10:45am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham Hall Friday 2pm

Herringham Hall Friday 2pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham Hall Friday 3.30pm

Herringham Hall Friday 3.30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham Hall Friday 5pm

Herringham Hall Friday 5pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham Hall Saturday 10:30am

Herringham Hall Saturday 10:30am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Herringham Hall Saturday 2pm

Herringham Hall Saturday 2pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Herringham Hall Saturday 3.30pm

Herringham Hall Saturday 3.30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Herringham Hall Saturday 5pm

Herringham Hall Saturday 5pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Herringham Hall Saturday 6.30pm

Herringham Hall Saturday 6.30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Herringham Hall Saturday 9am

Herringham Hall Saturday 9am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Herringham Hall Sunday 10:30am

Herringham Hall Sunday 10:30am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Herringham Hall Sunday 2pm

Herringham Hall Sunday 2pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham Hall Sunday 3.30pm

Herringham Hall Sunday 3.30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham Hall Sunday 5pm

Herringham Hall Sunday 5pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Herringham Hall Sunday 9am

Herringham Hall Sunday 9am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Room D05 Friday 10:45am

Room D05 Friday 10:45am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Room D05 Friday 2:00pm

Room D05 Friday 2:00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Friday 2:00pm

Room D05 Friday 2:00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later

Room D05 Friday 2pm

Room D05 Friday 2pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Room D05 Friday 3:30pm

Room D05 Friday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Room D05 Friday 3:30pm

Room D05 Friday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Friday 3:30pm

Room D05 Friday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Friday 5:00pm

Room D05 Friday 5:00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Friday 5:00pm

Room D05 Friday 5:00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Friday 5pm

Room D05 Friday 5pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Room D05 Friday 6:30pm

Room D05 Friday 6:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.            

Room D05 Friday 6:30pm

Room D05 Friday 6:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Friday 6:30pm

Room D05 Friday 6:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Saturday 10:30am

Room D05 Saturday 10:30am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Room D05 Saturday 2:00pm

Room D05 Saturday 2:00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Saturday 2:00pm

Room D05 Saturday 2:00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Saturday 2pm

Room D05 Saturday 2pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Room D05 Saturday 3:30pm

Room D05 Saturday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Room D05 Saturday 3:30pm

Room D05 Saturday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Saturday 3:30pm

Room D05 Saturday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Saturday 5:00pm

Room D05 Saturday 5:00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Room D05 Saturday 5:00pm

Room D05 Saturday 5:00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Saturday 5:00pm

Room D05 Saturday 5:00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Saturday 6:30pm

Room D05 Saturday 6:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Room D05 Saturday 6:30pm

Room D05 Saturday 6:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Saturday 6:30pm

Room D05 Saturday 6:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Saturday 9:00am

Room D05 Saturday 9:00am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Saturday 9:00am

Room D05 Saturday 9:00am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Saturday 9am

Room D05 Saturday 9am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Room D05 Sunday 10:30am

Room D05 Sunday 10:30am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Room D05 Sunday 2:00pm

Room D05 Sunday 2:00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Sunday 2:00pm

Room D05 Sunday 2:00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Sunday 2pm

Room D05 Sunday 2pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Room D05 Sunday 3:30pm

Room D05 Sunday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.                

Room D05 Sunday 3:30pm

Room D05 Sunday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Sunday 3:30pm

Room D05 Sunday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Sunday 5:00pm

Room D05 Sunday 5:00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Sunday 5:00pm

Room D05 Sunday 5:00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Sunday 5pm

Room D05 Sunday 5pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Room D05 Sunday 9:00am

Room D05 Sunday 9:00am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Sunday 9:00am

Room D05 Sunday 9:00am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Room D05 Sunday 9am

Room D05 Sunday 9am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Cinema Friday 10:30am

Tuke Cinema Friday 10:30am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Cinema Friday 2:00pm

Tuke Cinema Friday 2:00pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Cinema Friday 3:30pm

Tuke Cinema Friday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Cinema Friday 5pm

Tuke Cinema Friday 5pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Cinema Friday 6:30pm

Tuke Cinema Friday 6:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Cinema Saturday 10:30am

Tuke Cinema Saturday 10:30am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.                

Tuke Cinema Saturday 2pm

Tuke Cinema Saturday 2pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Cinema Saturday 3:30pm

Tuke Cinema Saturday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Cinema Saturday 5pm

Tuke Cinema Saturday 5pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Cinema Saturday 6:30pm

Tuke Cinema Saturday 6:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Cinema Saturday 9am

Tuke Cinema Saturday 9am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Tuke Cinema Sunday 10:30am

Tuke Cinema Sunday 10:30am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Cinema Sunday 2pm

Tuke Cinema Sunday 2pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Cinema Sunday 3:30pm

Tuke Cinema Sunday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Cinema Sunday 5pm

Tuke Cinema Sunday 5pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Cinema Sunday 9am

Tuke Cinema Sunday 9am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Hall Friday 10:30am

Tuke Hall Friday 10:30am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.

Tuke Hall Friday 2pm

Tuke Hall Friday 2pm

This session is not yet confirmed please check back later.

Tuke Hall Friday 3:30pm

Tuke Hall Friday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Hall Friday 5pm

Tuke Hall Friday 5pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.            

Tuke Hall Friday 6:30pm

Tuke Hall Friday 6:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Hall Saturday 10:30am

Tuke Hall Saturday 10:30am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Hall Saturday 2pm

Tuke Hall Saturday 2pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Hall Saturday 3:30pm

Tuke Hall Saturday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Hall Saturday 5pm

Tuke Hall Saturday 5pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Hall Saturday 6:30pm

Tuke Hall Saturday 6:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Hall Saturday 9am

Tuke Hall Saturday 9am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Hall Sunday 10:30am

Tuke Hall Sunday 10:30am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Hall Sunday 2pm

Tuke Hall Sunday 2pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Hall Sunday 3:30pm

Tuke Hall Sunday 3:30pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Hall Sunday 5pm

Tuke Hall Sunday 5pm

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

Tuke Hall Sunday 9am

Tuke Hall Sunday 9am

This session is not yet confirmed. Please check back later.              

The atmosphere made it surprisingly easy to talk to complete strangers.

Gill Williams, Screenwriter

Gill Williams, Screenwriter